ILPS welcomes historic agreement between leaders of DPRK and ROK

Issued by the Office of the Chairperson Prof. Jose Maria Sison
International League of Peoples’ Struggle
April 28, 2018

The International League of Peoples’ Struggle (ILPS) welcomes the historic meeting between DPRK Leader Kim Jong Un and ROK President Moon Jae-in as a positive step in realizing the aspiration of the Korean people for peace, prosperity and unification of their country.

The historic meeting marks a high point in the efforts of both Koreas to improve inter-Korean relations. It was brought into motion by the New Year speech of Chairman Kim Jong Un wishing success to the Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang and pointing to the need for taking positive measures to “improve inter-Korean relations, avoid acute military confrontation and remove the danger of war between north and south.”

In that speech, Kim Jong Un said that the time was right to undertake positive steps in improving inter-Korean relations in view of the 45th anniversary of the July 4, 1972 South-North Joint Communiqué and the 10th anniversary of the October 4, 2007 Declaration.

The July 4, 1972 South-North Joint Communiqué signed during the time of DPRK President Kim Il Sung called for the peaceful unification of the country without outside interference while the October 4, 2007 Declaration signed during the time of DPRK President Kim Jong Il called for close cooperation for the development of north-south relations, peace and prosperity in the Korean Peninsula.

At the historic Inter-Korean Summit Meeting held in the ‘Peace House’ at Panmunjom on April 27, 2018, the two leaders Kim Jong Un and Moon Jae-in announced before the 80 million people of Korea and the whole world their commitment to end the state of war and to start a new era of peace in the Korean Peninsula. They cited the following main points of agreement:

1. South and North Korea will reconnect the blood relations of the people and bring forward the future of co-prosperity and unification led by Koreans by facilitating comprehensive and groundbreaking advancement in inter-Korean relations. Improving and cultivating inter-Korean relations is the prevalent desire of the whole nation and the urgent calling of the times that cannot be held back any further.

2. South and North Korea will make joint efforts to alleviate the acute military tension and practically eliminate the danger of war on the Korean Peninsula.

3. South and North Korea will actively cooperate to establish a permanent and solid Peace regime on the Korean peninsula. Bringing an end to the current actual state of armistice and establishing a robust peace regime on the Korean peninsula is a historical mission that must not be delayed any further.

US imperialism remains as the biggest stumbling block to the peaceful reunification of the country. Its interference in Korea in 1950-53 resulted in the death 3 million Koreans and 50,000 US soldiers. The US maintains 28,500 troops in the south. It deployed in April 2017 the THAAD (Terminal High-Altitude Area Defence) system over the protests of local residents and opposition from Moon Jae-in who was then the front-runner in the May 2017 presidential elections in south Korea.

We, the International League of Peoples’ Struggle, reiterate our support for the just aspiration of the Korean people for the peaceful reunification of their country. We support the will of the Korean people to unify their country without outside interference. We support the desire of the people of the two Koreas to develop cooperation on a broad range of areas for the realization of shared prosperity.

We reiterate our demand that the US cease issuing threats of nuclear annihilation, stop imposing economic and military blockade and other forms of sanctions and stop conducting provocative war exercises against the DPRK. We demand that the US negotiate a peace treaty with the DPRK to end the state of war and tensions in the Korean peninsula. #

FULL DECLARATION OF NORTH AND SOUTH KOREAN SUMMIT
Official translation provided by the Inter-Korean summit:

“During this momentous period of historical transformation on the Korean Peninsula, reflecting the enduring aspiration of the Korean people for peace, prosperity and unification, President Moon Jae-in of the Republic of Korea and chairman Kim Jong Un of the State Affairs Commission of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea held an Inter-Korean Summit Meeting at the ‘Peace House’ at Panmunjom on April 27, 2018.

The two leaders solemnly declared before the 80 million Korean people and the whole world that there will be no more war on the Korean Peninsula and thus a new era of peace has begun.

The two leaders, sharing the firm commitment to bring a swift end to the Cold War relic of longstanding division and confrontation, to boldly approach a new era of national reconciliation, peace and prosperity, and to improve and cultivate inter-Korean relations in a more active manner, declared at this historic site of Panmunjom as follows:

1. South and North Korea will reconnect the blood relations of the people and bring forward the future of co-prosperity and unification led by Koreans by facilitating comprehensive and groundbreaking advancement in inter-Korean relations. Improving and cultivating inter-Korean relations is the prevalent desire of the whole nation and the urgent calling of the times that cannot be held back any further.
1. South and North Korea affirmed the principle of determining the destiny of the Korean nation on their own accord and agreed to bring forth the watershed moment for the improvement of inter-Korean relations by fully implementing all existing agreements and declarations adopted between the two sides thus far.
2. South and North Korea agreed to hold dialogue and negotiations in various fields including at high level, and to take active measure for the implementation of the agreements reached at the Summit.
3. South and North Korea agreed to establish a joint liaison office with resident representative of both sides in the Gaeseong region in order to facilitate close consultation between the authorities as well as smooth exchanges and cooperation between the peoples.
4. South and North Korea agreed to encourage more active cooperation, exchanges, visits and contacts at all levels in order to rejuvenate the sense of national reconciliation and unity between South and North. The two sides will encourage the atmosphere of unity and cooperation by actively staging various joint events on the dates that hold special meaning for both South and North Korea, such as June 15th, in which participants from all levels, including central and local governments, parliaments, political parties, and civil organizations, will be involved. On the international front, the two sides agreed to demonstrate their collective wisdom, talents, and solidarity by jointly participating international sports events such as the 2018 Asian Games.
5. South and North Korea agreed to endeavor to swiftly resolve the humanitarian issues that resulted from the division of the nation, and to convene the inter-Korean Red Cross Meeting to discuss and solve various issues including the reunion of separated families. In this vein, South and North Korea agreed to proceed with reunion program for the separated families on the occasion of the National Liberation Day of August 15 this year.
6. South and North Korea agreed to actively implement the projects previously agreed in the 2007 October 4 Declaration, in order to promote balanced economic growth and co-prosperity of the nation. As a first step, the two sides agreed to adopt practical steps towards the connection and modernization of the railways and roads on the custom transportation corridor as well as between Seoul and Sinuiju for their utilization.

2. South and North Korea will make joint efforts to alleviate the acute military tension and practically eliminate the danger of war on the Korean Peninsula.

1. South and North Korea agreed to completely cease all the hostile acts against each other in every domain including land, air and sea, that are the sources of military tension and conflict. In this vein, the two sides agreed to transform the demilitarized zone into a peace zone in a genuine sense by ceasing as of May 1 this year all hostile acts and eliminating their means, including broadcasting through loudspeakers and distribution of leaflets, in the areas along the Military Demarcation Line.
2. South and North Korea agreed to devise a practical scheme to turn the areas around the Northern Limit Line in the West Sea into a maritime peace zone in order to prevent accidental military clashes and guarantee safe fishing activities.
3. South and North Korea agreed to take various military measures to ensure active mutual cooperation, exchanges, visits and contacts. The two sides agreed to hold frequent meetings between military authorities, including the Defense Ministers Meeting, in order to immediately discuss and solve military issues that arise between them. In this regard, the two sides agreed to first convene military talks at the rank of general in May.

3. South and North Korea will actively cooperate to establish a permanent and solid Peace regime on the Korean peninsula. Bringing an end to the current unactual state of armistice and establishing a robust peace regime on the Korean peninsula is a historical mission that must not be delayed any further.

1. South and North Korea reaffirmed that non-aggression agreement that precludes the use of force in any form against each other, and agreed to strictly adhere to this Agreement.
2. South and North Korea agreed to carry out disarmament in a phased manner, as military tension is alleviated and substantial progress is made in military confidence-building.
3. During the year that marks the 65th anniversary of the Armistice, South and North Korea agreed to actively pursue trilateral meetings involving the two Koreas and the United States, or quadrilateral meetings involving the two Koreas and the United States and China with a view to declaring an end to the War and establishing a permanent and solid peace regime.
4. South and North Korea confirmed the common goal of realizing, through complete denuclearization, a nuclear-free Korean peninsula, South and North Korea shared the view that the measures being initiated by North Korea are very meaningful and crucial for the denuclearization of the Korean peninsula and agreed to carry out their respective roles and responsibilities in this regard. South and North Korea agreed to actively seek the support and cooperation of the international community for the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula.

The two leaders agreed, through regular meeting and direct telephone conversations, to hold frequent and candid discussion on issues vital to the nation, to strengthen mutual trust and to jointly endeavor to strengthen the positive momentum towards continuous advancement of inter-Korean relations as well as peace, prosperity and unification of the Korean Peninsula.

In this context, president Moon Jae-in agreed to visit Pyongyang this fall.
April 27, 2018
Done in Panmunjom
Moon Jae In
President
Kim Jong-un
Chairman
Republic of Korea State Affairs Commission
Democratic People’s Republic of Korea

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